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Fiber patch cords are not as straight forward as their copper counterparts, there are multiple connector types to consider when building and maintaining a physical network. In this article, we are going to describe the commonly found fiber connector types and “polish” types. Want to know more about how fiber optics are used in data center environments?
The LC connector is commonly called:
- Lucent Connector
- Little Connector
- Local Connector
LC connectors for single mode UPC usually have white or blue boots, APC applications usually have green boots and connector bodies. Multimode PC can have white, red or black boots suitable for 900µm or 3mm cable diameters or with heat shrink and crimp cable retention method for 2mm cable diameters (white and yellow for duplex and yellow for simplex).
LC connectors are designed for simplex and duplex (with clips) in standard colors including blue (single mode) , green (single mode APC) and beige (multimode).
The SC connector is commonly called:
- Subscriber Connector
- Square Connector
- Standard Connector
The connector itself is a “Snap-In” or “Push/Pull” type that snaps into place when inserted into an SC style receptacle. It has a 2.5mm ferrule and is commonly used in both simplex and duplex configurations.
SC connector housings and duplex clip are in standard colors including blue (single mode), green (single mode APC) and beige (multimode).
ST Connectors are commonly known as:
- Straight Tip
- Low Insertion Loss
- Nickel Plated Metal Body
- Bayonet Fiber Optic Connector
These connectors are usually found on Multimode cables and networks, the connector body is a bayonet type that twists to lock or unlock itself, it has a 2.5mm ferrule that protrudes from the connector body.
PC – Physical Contact
The Physical Contact polish type has a slight dome at the end of the ferrule, this helps to maximize the signal being transmitted and lower return loss. This polish type is most commonly found with pre-made OM1, OM2, OM3, and OM4 fiber patch cords.
UPC – Ultra Physical Contact
The Ultra Physical Contact polish type has more extensive polishing than the PC type, this creates a better contact/signal than the PC type. However, this polish type is not as robust as the PC polish type. Repeated connections and disconnections will cause degradation of the surface and ultimately reduce performance.
APC – Angled Physical Contact
The Angled Physical Contact type is (unsurprisingly) polished at an angle instead of a dome shape. This polish type has the lowest back reflection of the three types, it can also sustain many connections and disconnection cycles without the degradation that the UPC type suffers from. APC ferrules typically have a return loss of -60dB vs. the -50dB of UPC ferrules.